Forwarding Service

Palletized Cargo in Container Shipments

Palletized Cargo in Container Shipments

2007-10-30

 

The Table: Pallet Count below gives an idea of the number of pallets a standard dry cargo container can accommodate, assuming that each pallet is stacked with cargo to 4.5' high and each pallet itself is about 5.5" high (or the total height of each loaded pallet is about 5 feet).

To show the gross weight (Gr. Wt.) of each pallet, it is assumed that the acceptable maximum payload to consignees in a 20' container is 17,500 kgs. and in a 40' is 24,000 kgs.

Table: Pallet Count

20' Container
(for example with 17,500 kgs. payload)

Pallet
Nominal
Size

No. of Pallet

Total
No. of
Pallet

Total
Cu. Ft.

Gr. Wt.
Each Pallet
(kgs.)

Deep

Wide

45" x 53"

4

2

8

663

2,188

45" x 45"

5

2

10

703

1,750

44" x 52"

4

2

8

636

2,188

44" x 44"

5

2

10

672

1,750

41" x 49"

5

2

10

698

1,750

40" x 48"

5

2

10

667

1,750

40" x 40"

5

2

10

556

1,750

36" x 45"

6

2

12

675

1,458

36" x 36"

6

2

12

540

1,458

35" x 44"

6

2

12

660

1,458

34" x 45"

6

2

12

638

1,458

33" x 44"

7

2

14

706

1,250

40' Container
(for example with 24,000 kgs. payload)

Pallet
Nominal
Size

No. of Pallet

Total
No. of
Pallet

Total
Cu. Ft.

Gr. Wt.
Each Pallet
(kgs.)

Deep

Wide

45" x 53"

8

2

16

1.325

1,500

45" x 45"

10

2

20

1,406

1,200

44" x 52"

9

2

18

1,430

1,333

44" x 44"

10

2

20

1,344

1,200

41" x 49"

10

2

20

1,396

1,200

40" x 48"

10

2

20

1,334

1,200

40" x 40"

11

2

22

1,222

1,091

36" x 45"

13

2

26

1,463

923

36" x 36"

13

2

26

1,170

923

35" x 44"

13

2

26

1,430

923

34" x 45"

13

2

26

1,381

923

33" x 44"

14

2

28

1,412

857

That indicates the more frequently used pallet size in the export shipments.
It is apparent from the Table: Pallet Count that the palletized cargo leaves a lot of excess space, considering that the capacity of standard container in a 20' is about 1,170 cu. ft. (33.131 CBM) and in a 40' is about 2,385 cu. ft. (67.535 CBM). Therefore, if the palletized cargo is light, the freight cost per cubic unit in a container is high.
The moving and static load capacity of a pallet may vary considerably. For safety reasons, limit the weight of the palletized load to 1,000 kgs. (2,204.6 lbs.).
The packing (loading) of a container generally is faster when the cargo is palletized. However, the loading of palletized cargo can be time consuming if the loading equipment, such as forklift and pallet truck, cannot enter the container

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